This is the twenty-fourth lesson in our beginner level Spanish course and we will look at Fruits and Vegetables in Spanish. 

We will learn useful new vocabulary related to Fruits and Vegetables in Spanish and practice using it with the regular verbs Comer (To eat), Comprar (To buy), and Cocinar (To cook) that we learned in Lesson 20: Present Tense with Regular Verbs and Lesson 21: More Regular Verbs in Present Tense. We will also use the information about Telling the Time in Spanish that we learned in Lesson 22: The Time and Lesson 23: Present Tense with Time.

First, let’s learn some new vocabulary of Fruits and Vegetables in Spanish: 

You will find a lot of vocabulary listed below. Please don’t feel that you have to memorise everything right away. Aim to learn five or six new words a day and try to be consistent with your studies. Vocabulary tends to be the most challenging area of learning a language because it is so vast. Be patient and take it steady. And don’t forget to carry a dictionary or dictionary app with you at all times to look up words you can’t remember or haven’t learned yet.

Las verduras (Vegetables)

Fruits and Vegetables in Spanish verduras

El repollo/La col: cabbage
La zanahoria: carrot
La coliflor: cauliflower
El pepino: cucumber
El ajo: garlic
La lechuga: lettuce
Los champiñones: mushrooms
El pimiento: pepper
El brócoli: broccoli
La cebolla: onion
La papa/La patata: potato
El maíz: sweet corn
El tomate: tomato
Las arvejas/Los guisantes: peas
La berenjena: aubergine, eggplant
El puerro: leek
La espinaca: spinach

Las frutas (Fruits)

Fruits and Vegetables in Spanish frutas

La manzana: apple
La uva: grape
La sandía: watermelon
El plátano: banana
La fresa: strawberry
La piña: pineapple
El melón: melon
La naranja: orange
El melocotón: peach
La pera: pear
El limón: lemon
El kiwi: kiwi
La lima: lime
El mango: mango
La ciruela: plum
La frambuesa: raspberry
La grosella: currant
La zarzamora: blackberry
El arándano: blueberry
El maracuyá: passion fruit

Next, let’s practice using this new vocabulary with the regular verbs Comer (To eat), Comprar (To buy), and Cocinar (To cook).

Here are the conjugation rules for regular verbs in Present Tense:

Yo

Él/Ella
Nosotros/as
Vosotros/as
Ellos/Ellas
-o
-as/-es
-a/-e
-amos/-emos/-imos
-áis/-éis/-ís
-an/-en

 

Practice dialogue

Comes frutas y verduras?: Do you eat fruit and vegetables?
Sí, como muchas frutas y verduras: Yes, I eat a lot of fruit and vegetables.

¿Qué frutas comes? What fruits do you eat?
Como una naranja todos los días por la mañana: I eat an orange every day in the morning
Como una manzana a las once de la mañana: I eat an apple at eleven o’clock in the morning
Como un plátano por la tarde: I eat a banana in the afternoon.
Y a las seis o siete de la tarde como fresas o frambuesas con yogur: And at six or seven o’clock in the afternoon I eat strawberries or raspberries with yoghurt

¿Dónde compras la fruta?: Where do you buy the fruit?
Compro la fruta en el supermercado: I buy the fruit in the supermarket

¿Qué verduras comes?: What vegetables do you eat?
Como todas las verduras: I eat all kinds of vegetables
Siempre cocino con ajo y cebolla: I always cook with garlic and onion
Comemos muchas zanahorias, espinacas, coles, brócoli y maíz: We eat a lot of carrots, spinach, cabbage, broccoli, and sweetcorn.

¿A qué hora coméis?: At what time do you have lunch?
Comemos a las dos: We eat at two o’clock

Observe that the ending of the verbs Comer (To eat), Comprar (To buy), and Cocinar (To cook) are changed depending on the person doing the action.

For example, if the sentence is “I eat” then the verb Comer will be changed to Como and if the sentence is “We buy” then the verb Comprar will be changed to Compramos.

Keep practising by creating your own sentences using Spanish regular verbs with The Time and the conjugation rules we have learned for Present Tense.