This is the twenty-sixth lesson in our beginner level Spanish course and we will look at This That These Those in Spanish in Spanish.
We will practice using the vocabulary we learned in the previous lesson related to clothing in Spanish and also review other vocabulary and verbs we have seen already. Knowing how to correctly use This That These Those in Spanish is essential as these demonstrative adjectives pop up all the time in everyday conversation situations.
First, let’s remind ourselves of the Spanish clothing vocabulary we saw in the previous lesson:
La camisa: shirt
La camiseta: t-shirt
La blusa: blouse
El jersey/El suéter: jumper, sweater
La chaqueta: jacket
El abrigo: coat
Los pantalones: pants, trousers
Los vaqueros: jeans
Los pantalones cortos: shorts
La falda: skirt
El vestido: dress
Los zapatos: shoes
Las deportivas: sneakers, trainers
Las botas: boots
Los calcetines: socks
Las medias: tights
El sombrero: hat
El gorro: woolly hat
La gorra: cap
El traje: suit
La corbata: tie
Los calzoncillos: underpants
Las bragas: knickers
El sujetador: bra
Next, let’s see This That These Those in Spanish:
Masculine and feminine:
With each option you will see that there are different ending options. Back in Lesson 6 of this course which focused on El verbo Querer (To want) we learned that every noun (thing) in Spanish is either masculine or feminine. It is important to be aware of the gender of each noun you are using as other elements of your sentence will need to be altered according to this. Some adjectives (words that add description to other words) change according to the gender of the word they describe and as This That These Those in Spanish are types of adjective this is why they may need to change their ending.
Este (This) is used to describe masculine nouns. For example: Este traje: This suit
Este (This) changes to Esta (This) if the noun is feminine. For example: Esta corbata: This tie
Estos (These) is used to describe plural masculine nouns. For example: Estos calcetines: These socks
Estos (These) changes to Estas (These) if the nouns are feminine. For example: Estas faldas: These skirts
Let’s practice making some sentences using Este/a Ese/a Estos/as Esos/as using clothing vocabulary, the colours, prices and the verbs Querer (To want) and Tener (To have). The following conversation takes place in a clothes shop:
¿Tenéis esta chaqueta en rojo?: Do you have this jacket in red?
No, lo siento. No tenemos esta chaqueta en rojo: No, I’m sorry. We don’t have this jacket in red
¿Tenéis esa chaqueta en rojo? Do you have that jacket in red?
Sí, esa chaqueta tenemos en rojo: Yes, that jacket we do have in red
Y estos pantalones… ¿tenéis estos pantalones en azul?: And these trousers… do you have these trousers in blue?
Estos pantalones no, pero tenemos esos pantalones en azul: These trousers no, but we do have those trousers in blue.
Perfecto, muchas gracias. Quiero la chaqueta roja y los pantalones azules: Perfect, thank you. I want the red jacket and the blue trousers.
Muy bien: Very good.
¿Cuánto es en total?: How much is it in total?
Noventa y ocho con cincuenta: €98.50
Practice makes perfect
Correctly using This That These Those in Spanish is an important skill that does take some practice. Spanish adjectives and the masculine and feminine are a challenge for sure, but they are fundamental to the Spanish language and we recommend paying attention to them and practising using them as much as possible by writing own practice sentences early on in your studies so that they become second nature.