This is the ninth lesson in our beginner-level Spanish course and we will look at the Spanish verb Estar To Be.

Earlier in this course, we saw the Spanish verb Ser (Yo soy: I am. Tú eres: You are. Él/Ella es: He/She is) which is also the verb To Be.

In Spanish, there are two versions of the verb To be (Ser & Estar) when in English there is only one verb To be (I am, You are, He/She is).

Ser and Estar are fundamental to the Spanish language and from now on in the course, we will be using both Ser and Estar.

Spanish verb Estar Conjugation

(Yo) Estoy: I am
(Tú) Estás: You are
(Él/Ella) Está: He/She is
(Nosotros) Estamos: We are
(Vosotros) Estáis: You are
(Ellos/Ellas) Están: They are

Spanish verb Ser Conjugation

(Yo) Soy: I am
(Tú) Eres: You are
(Él/Ella) Es: He/She is
(Nosotros) Somos: We are
(Vosotros) Sois: You are
(Ellos/Ellas) Son: They are

Spanish Verb Estar To Be Spanish Lesson 9

As you can see, both Ser and Estar appear to mean the same thing,  the verb To Be.

However, we use one or the other depending on the sentence.

When to use “ser”

Generally speaking, Ser is used when describing permanent things.

It is important to be clear on when to use Ser. Let’s look in more detail what situation should be used in:

Name
Gender
Nationality
Occupation
Physical description
Personality
Time and dates
Events
Relationships
Possession

Ser Example sentences:

Soy Pedro: I am Pedro
Soy hombre: I am a man
Soy de España: I am from Spain
Soy médico: I am a doctor
Soy alto y moreno: I am tall and dark
Soy honesto y trabajador: I am honest and hard working

When to use “estar”

Estar is used when describing temporary things.

Let’s look in more detail when to use Estar:

Location/position
Emotions/feelings/moods
Temporary condition

Estar example sentences:

Estoy en Londres: I am in London
Estoy contento pero cansado: I am happy but tired
Estoy de vacaciones: I am on holiday

 

That is all for this lesson about the Spanish verb Estar To Be.

Other Spanish verbs we have seen so far in this course are Ser, Querer, and Tener.

There was lots of very useful information in this lesson which we recommend that you practice by creating your own similar sentences.

In our next Spanish lesson, we will practice more with Estar using the verb to give and follow directions and to describe where places and things are located.